The challenge of how to determine twilight prayer and fasting times at high latitudes is an issue that has vexed successive generations of Muslims since the community first began to dwell in northern lands.
Allah (SWT) has declared in the Qur'an: "O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger…" - (T.M.Q - 4:59). Accordingly, Islamic religious life is based on the instructions of the Qur'an and the authentic Sunna.
Allah describes the Qur'an as the ‘guidance to mankind, and the Criterion (of right and wrong)’ (2:185). Islamic scholars have therefore sought to explain the sciences associated with correctly understanding the revelation.
Allah (swt) says in the Qurʾān ﴾Say: We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us﴿ (2:136). Therefore it is understood by the scholars of Islam that the ‘first obligation’ for a responsible adult is to know Allah.
How is one to wade through the apparent welter of irreconcilable primary Islamic sources? What is one to do when faced with opposing practices of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) on the same issue? When is a practice deemed necessary or recommended? These are some of the topics discussed in usul al-fiqh.
This book attempts to answer questions about the place of the Qur'an in the world today, such as Does the Qur'an promote peace and harmony or discord and conflict? Does it contribute to pluralism or exclusivism?
Epistle on Worship: Risalat al-‘Ubudiyya, aims to begin filling this gap by presenting an annotated translation of one of Ibn Taymiyya’s most important epistles on the theology behind the concept of worship.