About The Book
This is the third revised edition of the classic work "Al-Muwatta' Of Imam Malik Ibn Anas".
It is the first of the sahih works, long pre-dating al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Al-Bukhari regarded the transmission of Imam Malik narrating from Nafi‘ from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as being ‘the Golden Chain of Transmission’.
Abu Dawud, whose Sunan is another of the Six Books of hadith, added “then Malik, from az-Zuhri, from Salim, from his father [i.e. Ibn ‘Umar], then Malik, from Abu z-Zinad, from al-A‘raj, from Abu Hurayrah”, without mentioning anything from anyone other than Malik.
Ibn Hajar said, “… some imams say that they are unqualifiedly the soundest of isnads, such as az-Zuhri i.e. the hadith which az-Zuhri – who is better known as Ibn Shihab – narrated from Salim i.e. transmitting to him from Salim ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar from his father. The school of Ahmad [ibn Hanbal] and Ibn Rahwayh is that this is unqualifiedly the soundest chain of transmission”.
Adh-Dhahabi held that, “The soundest of chains of transmission are those from az-Zuhri from Sa‘id ibn al-Musayyab from Abu Hurayrah” which are abundant in the Muwatta. Then those which come from Abu’z-Zinād from al-A‘raj from Abū Hurayrah.”
Ash-Shāfi‘ī said, “After the Book of Allah, there is no book on the face of the earth sounder than the book of Mālik.”
‘Alā’ ad-Dīn Maghlaṭāy al-Ḥanafī said, “The first person to compile the ṣaḥīḥwas Mālik.”
Ibn Ḥajar said, “The book of Mālik is sound by all the criteria that are demanded as proofs in the mursal, munqaṭi‘ and other types of transmission.”
As-Suyūṭī followed Ibn Ḥajar’s judgement and said, “It is absolutely correct to say that the Muwaṭṭa’ is sound (ṣaḥīḥ) without exception.”
Al-Bukhārī and Muslim transmitted most of its ḥadīths and included them in their Ṣaḥīḥ collections. The authors of the rest of the six books, the Imām of the ḥadīth scholars, Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, and others did the same.
In addition, the Muwaṭṭa’ contains a record of the practice (‘amal) of the people of Madīnah of the first generations, a transmission of the ethos that permeated the city, and Imām Mālik’s painstaking clarification of the Sunna, the ḥadīths, the practice and legal judgements.
1 The Times of Prayer
4 Forgetfulness in the Prayer
6 Prayer in Ramadan
8 Prayer in Congregation
9 Shortening the Prayer in a Journey
10. The Two 'Ids
11 The Fear Prayer
12 The Eclipse Prayer
13 Asking for Rain
14. The Qibla
15. The Qur'an
19 I'tikaf in Ramadan
22 Vows and Oaths
23 Sacrificial Animals
24 Slaughtering Animals
26 The 'Aqiqa
27 Fixed Shares of Inheritance
31 Business Transactions
34 Renting Land
35 Pre-emption in Property
37 Wills and Testaments
38 Setting Free and Wala'
39 The Mukatab
40 The Mudabbar
43 Blood Money
44 The Oath of Qasama
46 The Decree
47 Good Character
49 The Description of the Prophet
50 The Evil Eye
55 The Oath of Allegiance
60 The Supplication of the Unjustly Wronged
61 The Names of the Prophet
Imam Malik Ibn Anas (93 AH/711 CE - 179 AH/795 CE)
Imam Mālik’s full name is Mālik ibn Anas ibn Mālik ibn Abī ‘Āmir al-Aṣbaḥī and he was related to Dhū Aṣbaḥ, a sub-tribe of Ḥimyar. He was instructed in the learning and recitation of the Noble Qur’ān by Imām Nāfi‘ ibn ‘Abd ar-Raḥmān ibn Abī Nu‘aym, the Imām of the reciters of Madīna and one of the ‘seven reciters’.
Among the huge number of his teachers in ḥadīth and fiqh were Nāfi‘, the mawlā of ‘Abdullāh ibn ‘Umar, and Ibn Shihāb az-Zuhrī. He sat to give fatwāwhen he was seventeen years old after seventy Imāms had testified that he was worthy to give fatwā and teach.
His own students included Imām ash-Shāfi‘ī and Imām Muhammad ibn al-Ḥasan ash-Shaybānī the Ḥanafī mujtahid, as well as a great number of Imāms of ḥadīth and fiqh, and thus he is known as Imām al-A’immah ‘the Imām of the Imāms’.
He is recognised to be the subject of the hadith from Abū Hurayra:
“The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him said, ‘There will come a time when the people will beat the livers of their camels in search of knowledge and they will not find an ‘ālim with more knowledge than the ‘ālim of Madīna.’”
About The Translator
Aisha Abdurrahman Bewley is one of today’s most prolific translators of classical Arabic works into English. For more than thirty-five years she has been concerned with making the contents of many classical Arabic works more accessible to English-speaking readers.
She is co-translator, with her husband Shaykh Abdalhaqq Bewley, of The Noble Qur’an, a New Rendering of its Meaning in English.
Other works include her translation of The Meaning of Man of Sidi Ali al-Jamal, Muhammad Messenger of Allah – ash-Shifa of Qadi ‘Iyad, Muhammad ibn Sa‘d’s Kitab at-Tabaqat al-Kabir, and of her own authorship: Mu‘awiya – Restorer of the Muslim Faith, A Glossary of Islamic Terms, Islam: The Empowering of Women and Muslim Women, a Biographical Dictionary.