Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328) of Damascus was one of the most prominent and controversial religious scholars of medieval Islam. He called for jihad against the Mongol invaders of Syria, appealed to the foundational sources of Islam for reform, and battled against religious innovation.
Today, he inspires such diverse movements as Global Salafism, Islamic revivalism and modernism, and violent jihadism. This volume synthesizes the latest research, discusses many little-known aspects of Ibn Taymiyya's thought, and highlights the religious utilitarianism that pervades his activism, ethics, and theology.
1 EARLY CAREER AND THE MONGOL INVASIONS
The Formative Years Appearance, Character, and Personal Relationships Early Engagements with Religious Law Early Engagements with Theology The Mongol Invasion of 1299-1300 The Mongol Invasions of 1300-1301 and 1303 Christians in the Wake of the Mongols
2 LATER CAREER AND MAJOR TRIALS
Conflicts with Sufis The 1306 Damascus Trials over Theology Imprisonments in Egypt over Theology and Sufism 1306-1310 Final Years in Egypt 1310-1313 Back in Damascus Teaching and Writing The 1318 Nusayri Revolt Trials over Divorce Oaths Final Imprisonment over Grave Visitation 1326-1328
3 THE PRIORITY OF WORSHIP
Worship and the Human Natural Constitution A Spirituality of Love Divinity and Lordship Command and Creation Sainthood
4 WORSHIP, LAW, AND INNOVATION
Worship and the Law Worship Rituals: Lawful and Innovated Spiritual Concert and Annihilation Benefit and the Law Innovated Festivals and the Prophet's Birthday Grave Visitation and Intercession Ibn Taymiyya and Sufism
5 JURISTIC AUTHORITY AND DERIVING GOD'S LAW
The Sunni Law School System Back to the Qur'an and the Sunna Forbidding Chess Invalidating Triple Divorce
6 UTILITARIAN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ETHICS
Social Ethics The Caliphate Public Authority and the Law Law-Guided Public Policy Trusts of public office and public wealth Justice: the limits and rights of God and humans Jihad
7 GOD AND CREATION
Kalam Theology Esotericism Non-cognitivism Apologetic Interpretativism God is Sitting Over the Throne The Timelessly Eternal God of Philosophy and Kalam God Wills for Wise Purposes and Creates from Eternity
8 GOD AND HUMANITY
Justice, Evil, and the Human Act God's Protection of Prophets The Signs of a True Prophet Christianity: An Object Lesson in Innovated Religion The Ultimate Destiny of Unbelievers
About The Author
Jon Hoover is Associate Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Nottingham. He specialises in Islamic intellectual history, medieval Islamic theology and philosophy, Christian-Muslim relations, and the thought of Ibn Taymiyya.
He is the author of Ibn Taymiyya's Theodicy of Perpetual Optimism, and numerous articles and book chapters on Ibn Taymiyya's theology and ethics.