Etiquette of the learner, is a work extracted from Qadi Ibn Jama’ah’s major contribution to the literature of adab : Tadhkirat as-Sami wa'l -Mutakallim fi Adab al-'Alim wa'l -Muta'allim (A Memorandum to the Listener and the Speaker on the Etiquette of the Scholar and the Learner).
This book, The Scribes of the Prophet SAW, provides an extensive list of those Companions who had the honour of acting as scribbles to the Messenger of Allah SAW in his differing capacities as conduit of Revelation and head of the nascent Muslim State.
Allah (SWT) has declared in the Qur'an: "O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger…" - (T.M.Q - 4:59). Accordingly, Islamic religious life is based on the instructions of the Qur'an and the authentic Sunna.
Allah describes the Qur'an as the ‘guidance to mankind, and the Criterion (of right and wrong)’ (2:185). Islamic scholars have therefore sought to explain the sciences associated with correctly understanding the revelation.
Allah (swt) says in the Qurʾān ﴾Say: We believe in Allah and what has been sent down to us﴿ (2:136). Therefore it is understood by the scholars of Islam that the ‘first obligation’ for a responsible adult is to know Allah.
How is one to wade through the apparent welter of irreconcilable primary Islamic sources? What is one to do when faced with opposing practices of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) on the same issue? When is a practice deemed necessary or recommended? These are some of the topics discussed in usul al-fiqh.